|Study Area||New Houghton|
|About the Study||This is the village attached to Houghton Hall, where Robert Walpole had lived. It is now in the possession of the Marquess of Cholmondeley, who has been a great help to me over many years; and so has David Yaxley, the Archivist. I have done much work on the 19th century inhabitants, their life and work, and the cottages; all based on archive material in the Hall. I have not neglected the Hall entirely, but there are others better able than I to tackle its architecture, furnishings and paintings. Most of the population of New Houghton since about 1730 have lived in the blocks of houses - now painted white - on either side of the road leading to the South Lodges and the main gates. Before that, however, the village was closer to the church and Hall. Some, however, did - and still do - live beyond those gates. My maternal grandfather was born in New Houghton, on the Village Street; and he moved to industrial South Yorkshire in about 1890. His father had been a gardener on the estate; his father before him had been a bailiff at one of the farms; and his father in turn had arrived in the village at the beginning of the 19th century. Hence my predominant interest in that period.
I can more or less say with accuracy exactly where people lived in certain census years.
|Population||238 in 1834|