Friuli Venezia Giulia

 

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Friuli–Venezia Giulia, one of the 20 regions of Italy, is in the north east of the country, bordering Austria to the north, Slovenia to the east, the Adriatic Sea to the south, and the Veneto region to the west. It has an area of 3,030 square miles (7,847 square km), comprising the province (provinces) of Udine, Pordenone, Gorizia, and Trieste.

It is one of the five regions with a special statute that allows an element of self-government, allowing them some legislative, administrative and financial power to a varying extent, depending on their specific statute.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia consists of mountains to the north and lowland areas in the south. The north attracts as many tourists during the winter as the seaside resorts of Grado and Lignano Sabbiadoro do in the summer months.

The region was invaded by the Celts in the 5th century, in the 3rd century BC by the Romans, in 452 Aquileia was destroyed by barbarian invaders, then in the 6th century BC under the Lombards a Dukedom was established with capital Cividale. The Avari who invaded in the 7th century destroyed the Lombard dukedom and its capital, but later on Charlemagne included the region in the nation of Austria. Invaded by the Hungarians in 828, was later under the German emperors until 1420. Since the early 15th century, the region was gradually included in the Republic of Venice, until Napoleon with the Campoformio Treaty of 1797 gave Venice to the Austrians. Only after the Third War of Italian Independence in 1866 central Friuli (the provinces of Pordenone and Udine) was united to Italy, while the province of Gorizia remained under Austrian rule until 1919. The province of Trieste was officially given to Italy in 1954.

The official languages of the region are Italian, Friulian, Slovene and German.

Agriculture and farming maintain have an important role in the economy of the region - the production of fruit, vegetables, cheese, cured ham and wines, especially white ones.

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