Country Italy
Region Sicily
Study Area Sutera
About the Study Sutera sits within the province of Caltanissetta in Sicily and stands 580m above sea level. A medieval town with ongoing expansion from the 16th century, it overlooks the hills and the River Platani.

Sutera is a short distance from the national road, SS121-189, which links Palermo and Agrigento. The land is typically sulphurous.

Since the late 1800s, Sutera has been a spearhead in Italian geology and is well associated with mining of sulphur and potassium salts. Oil has been extracted from the nearby town of Gela, a practice which continues to this day.

The history of Sutera is said to be the story of devotion to St Paoline and St Onofrio. The Castle of Sutera was located on top of Mount San Paolino, at 819m above sea level. The Church of St Paoline dates from the 7th century with the temple built around 1370.

Population The population in 1861 was 2677, peaking in 1921 with 4640. The population between 1921 and 1961 remained over 4,000.

There was a significant decline from 1961 and in 1971 the population was 2686 and this has been in steady decline decade on decade. In 2001 the population was just 1641.

Contact Julie Goucher