West Lothian

 

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West Lothian, Scotland: 55.916667, -3.500000

West Lothian (Scots: Wast Lowden, Scottish Gaelic: Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties. The county, which was also known as Linlithgowshire, was bounded by the Avon to the west and the Almond to the east. The modern council area occupies a smaller area, with areas in the west transferred to Falkirk and areas in the east transferred to Edinburgh following local government reforms in the late 20th century. It did however gain areas from Midlothian.

West Lothian has a wide range of leisure pursuits on offer for anyone in search of adventure or relaxation. For the active, there are dozens of golf courses in the area plus sailing at the Low Port Centre. This is also excellent walking territory, be it gentle saunters in the many green spaces or something more taxing, such as the Bathgate Hills where the views are worth the hike, and the Pentland Hills which offer more than 100km of signposted trails to explore.

The West Lothian question, also known as the English question, refers to whether MPs from Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, sitting in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, should be able to vote on matters that affect only England, while MPs from England are unable to vote on matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly. The term "West Lothian question" was coined by Enoch Powell MP in 1977 after Tam Dalyell, the Labour MP for the Scottish constituency of West Lothian, raised the matter repeatedly in House of Commons debates on devolution.

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