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Northumberland: 55.208254, -2.078414

Northumberland is the most northern county in England, bordered on the north by Scotland and to the south and west by Durham and Cumbria. To the east, the North Sea forms a coastline designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is the most sparsely populated county in England.

The county’s long history includes many battles between the English and the Scots, earning it more castles than any other English county. It also has a history of revolts against central government often led by the Dukes of Northumberland in Tudor times. In addition, it was the centre of Roman Catholicism in England for Jacobite support when Charles II took the throne. Following the Union of England and Scotland in 1603, the rebellious elements largely subsided.

During the Industrial Revolution, Northumberland’s coal mining industry played a key role in fuelling expansion across the country. Railways came early to this region and manufacturing capabilities included shipbuilding and armaments. As industrial activity subsided in recent decades, the scenery and history of this largely rural county is now attracting a growing tourist trade. International companies such as General Electric and Coca-Cola have established plants in the county, along with pharmaceutical, healthcare and biotechnology companies.

The following locations have registered studies: